TYPE 1 & TYPE 2, WHAT’S THE DIFFERENCE?
Collagen type II differs from collagen type I in some details of its composition: the order of the amino acids in the chains differs slightly between type I and II, type II is made of three identical collagen chains, whereas the type I helix contains two identical and a third, different chain.
TYPE I COLLAGEN: STRONG SKIN, TENDONS & LIGAMENTS
Type I collagen forms the longest triple helices. This makes the structure of type I collagen extremely suitable to form strong fiber networks, that can be stretched without breaking. Those elastic structures provide support and flexibility to our body.
Type I collagen is found throughout the human body: it makes up more than 90% of organic bone mass, as well as comprising a major part of our skin, tendons and ligaments.
TYPE II COLLAGEN: FLEXIBLE CARTILAGE
Type II collagen is the collagen form present in cartilage (no type I in cartilage). Most importantly, it occurs in a natural matrix with glycosaminoglycans (GAGs). While type II collagen provides tensile strength and elasticity to the tissue, the GAGs lubricate the cartilage, together providing the perfect matrix to absorb shock and bear stress.
Different cells in our body are responsible for the production of collagen. The cells use specific amino acids as building blocks for the long chains that are wound together to the large collagen triple helix. Several helices are then organized into the strong fibers that provide structural tissue support, flexibility and the ability to withstand forces.
Collagen constitutes 75% of the skin’s dry mass content. A key component of the skin’s structure, collagen fibers provide the infrastructure for elastin, which maintains skin elasticity, and for hyaluronic acid to trap moisture.
Tendons are strong fibrous connective tissues that connect muscles to bones. During muscle contraction the tendons’ role is to transmit forces and withstand tension. Tendons contain 85% collagen type 1 and also proteoglycans
Joint cartilage is made up of cellular building blocks (chondrocytes), which produce an extracellular matrix, consisting of collagen and proteoglycans (mainly aggrecan). Collagen fibers make up 70% of cartilage and are responsible for its
Representing around 90% of organic bone mass, collagen provides the structural framework on which calcium and other minerals are anchored. Collagen fibers also provide bone flexibility
|НУТРИТИВНИ ВРЕДНОСТИ / NUTRITIONAL VALUES|
|Опис / Description||Вредности на 100 гр. / Results per 100g|
|Енергетска Вредност / Energy value||359 Kcal|
|Протеини / Proteins||> 88 гр./g|
|Јаглехидрати / Carbohydrates||1.4 гр./g|
|од кои шеќери / of which sugars||0 гр./g|
|Масти / fats||0.12 гр./g|
|од кои заситени / of which saturated||0 гр./g|
|Натриум Хлорид / Sodium Chloride||1.4 гр./g|